The Biafran National Charter of the Indigenous People of Biafra

How can and should a future Republic of Biafra prepare to govern itself? By adopting a big-tent national charter

After attaining independence, the future Republic of Biafra should be ready to govern itself by creating and adopting a national charter that is inclusive of all the stakeholders in Biafra without exception.

Article 1:

Biafra is the home of people from Igboland, Anang, Igbanke, Igala, Idoma, Ijaw, Efik, Itsekiri, Uhrobo and more ethnic groups within the territory of Biafra and the Biafran people are an integral part of the Biafra region.

Article 2:

Biafra, with the boundaries it had during the Nigeria-Biafra conflict, is an indivisible territorial unit.

Article 3:

The Biafran people possess the legal right to their homeland and have the right to determine their destiny after achieving the restoration of their nation in accordance with their wishes and entirely of their own accord and will.

Article 4:

The Biafran identity is a genuine, essential, and inherent characteristic; it is transmitted from parents to children. The Nigeria-Biafra war and its aftermath did not make the people of Biafra lose their Biafran identity nor do they negate them.

Article 5:

Biafrans are those people who are indiginous to Biafraland

Article 6:

Any other individual who decides to naturalize in Biafraland after the restoration of Biafra will be considered Biafran.

Article 7:

That there is a Biafran community and that it has material, spiritual, and historical connection with Biafra are indisputable facts. It is a national duty to bring up individual Biafrans in a Biafran revolutionary manner. All means of information and education must be adopted in order to acquaint the Biafran with his country in the most profound manner, both spiritual and material, that is possible. He must be prepared for the political struggle and ready to sacrifice his wealth and his life in order to win back his homeland and bring about its restoration.

Article 8:

The phase in their history, through which the Biafran people are now living, is that of national struggle for the restoration of Biafra. On this basis the Biafran people, regardless of whether they are residing in Biafra or in diaspora constitute – both their organizations and the individuals – one national front working for the restoration of Biafra and its liberation from Nigeria through non-violent means.

Article 9:

Non-violent struggle dialogue is the only way to restore Biafra. This is the overall strategy, not merely a tactical phase. The Biafran people assert their absolute determination and firm resolution to continue their political struggle and to work for a popular revolution for the restoration of their country. They also assert their right to normal life in Biafraland and to exercise their right to self-determination and sovereignty over it.

Article 10:

Non-violent action constitutes the nucleus of the Biafra restoration struggle. This requires its escalation, comprehensiveness, and the mobilization of all the Biafran popular and educational efforts and their organization and involvement in the Biafran political revolution. It also requires the achieving of unity for the national struggle among the different pro-Biafran groupings, and between the Biafran people and their supporter, so as to secure the continuation of the revolution, its escalation, and victory.

Article 11:

The Biafrans will have three mottoes: national unity, national mobilization, and restoration.

Article 12:

The Biafran people believe in West African unity. In order to contribute their share toward the attainment of that objective, however, they must, at the present stage of their struggle, safeguard their Biafran identity and develop their consciousness of that identity, and oppose any plan that may dissolve or impair it.

Article 13:

West African unity and the restoration of Biafra are two complementary objectives, the attainment of either of which facilitates the attainment of the other. Thus, West African unity leads to the restoration of Biafra, the restoration of Biafra leads to West African unity; and work toward the realization of one objective proceeds side by side with work toward the realization of the other.

Article 14:

The destiny of the Republic of Biafra depends upon the destiny of the Biafran cause. The people of Biafra must play the role of the vanguard in the realization of this sacred goal.

Article 15:

The restoration of Biafra, from an African viewpoint, is a national duty. Absolute responsibility for this falls upon the Biafran nation – peoples and organizations – with all Biafrans in the vanguard. Accordingly, the Biafran nation must mobilize all its political, human, moral, and spiritual capabilities to participate actively in the restoration of Biafra. It must, particularly in the phase of the Biafran political revolution, offer and furnish all possible help, and material and human support, and the means and opportunities that will enable the Biafran political revolution to continue, until they restore Biafra.

Article 16:

The restoration of Biafra, from a spiritual point of view, will provide an atmosphere of safety and tranquility, which in turn will guarantee freedom of worship, without discrimination of language, or religion. Accordingly, the people of Biafra look to all spiritual forces in the world for support.

Article 17:

The restoration of Biafra, from a human point of view, will restore to the Biafran individual his dignity, pride, and freedom. Accordingly the Biafran people look forward to the support of all those who believe in the dignity of man and his freedom in the world.

Article 18:

The restoration of Biafra, from an international point of view, is a defensive action necessitated by the demands of self-defense. Accordingly the Biafran people, desirous as they are of the friendship of all people, look to freedom-loving and peace-loving states for support in order to restore their legitimate rights in Biafra, to re-establish peace and security in the country, and to enable its people to exercise national sovereignty and freedom.

Article 19:

The establishment of the Republic of Biafra is imperative and is in line with the will of the Biafran people and to their natural right in their homeland, and consistent with the principles embodied in the Charter of the United Nations; particularly the right to self-determination.

Article 20:

The Biafran people, expressing themselves by the political revolution, reject all solutions which are substitutes for the total restoration of Biafra and reject all proposals aiming at the liquidation of the Biafran problem, or its internationalization.

Article 21:

The Biafran people look for the support of all the progressive and peaceful people around the world and urge them all, irrespective of their affiliations and beliefs, to offer the Biafran people all aid and support in their just struggle for the restoration of their homeland.

Article 22:

The demand of security and peace, as well as the demand of right and justice, require the world to consider the continued intransigence of the Nigerian government and occupation of Biafra as an impediment to peace in the region and to label it illegitimate, to outlaw its existence, and to ban its operations, in order that friendly relations among peoples may be preserved, and the loyalty of citizens to their respective homelands safeguarded.

Article 23:

The Biafran people believe in the principles of justice, freedom, sovereignty, self-determination, human dignity, and in the right of all peoples to exercise them.

Article 24:

For the realization of the goals of this National Charter and its principles, the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) will perform their role in the restoration of Biafra in accordance with this charter.

Article 25:

The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) are responsible for the Biafran people’s movement in its struggle – to retrieve its homeland, restore and return to it and exercise the right to self-determination in it – in all political, and financial fields and also for whatever may be required by the Biafra case on the Nigeria-Biafra and international levels.

Article 26:

The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) shall cooperate with all pro-Biafra groups, each according to its potentialities; and will adopt a neutral policy among them in the light of the requirements of the struggle for restoration; and on this basis it shall not interfere in the internal affairs of pro-Biafra group.

Article 27:

The Biafran people assert the genuineness and independence of their national revolution and reject all forms of intervention, trusteeship, and subordination.

Article 28:

The Biafran people possess the fundamental and genuine legal right to liberate and restore their homeland. The Biafran people determine their attitude toward all states and forces on the basis of the stands they adopt vis-a-vis to the Biafran revolution to fulfill the aims of the Biafran people.

Article 29:

Activists and supporters in the struggle for restoration are the nucleus of the popular army which will be the protective force for the gains of the Biafran people.

Article 30:

The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB shall have a flag, an oath of allegiance, and an anthem. All this shall be decided upon in accordance with a special regulation.

Article 31:

Regulations, which shall be known as the Constitution of the Indigenous People of Biafra, shall be annexed to this National Charter. It will lay down the manner in which the Republic of Biafra, and its organs and institutions, shall be constituted; the respective competence of each; and the requirements of its obligation under the Charter.

Article 32:

This National Charter shall not be amended save by [vote of] a majority of two-thirds of Indigenous People of Biafra represented by all pro-Biafra organizations [taken] at a special session convened for that purpose.

About Dr. Fredrick Onyeali 16 Articles
Dr. Fredrick Onyeali is an Elder Statesman of the IPOB. In 2012 he was inspired by Nnamdi Kanu and together with other elder statesmen; they formed what is now known as the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) organization. Up until recently he was the National Coordinator of the IPOB in Germany and is presently an Elder Statesman of the IPOB. He continues to contribute to the Biafra struggle for independence in words and deed.

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